• Cuticular and soft drusen

    Jun 14 2021 by Gerardo Garcia-Aguirre, MD

    Fundus photograph (left) and Retro mode infrared image (right) of an eye with soft and cuticular drusen. Drusen are highlighted and better visualized with retro mode imaging.

    Photographer: Gerardo Garcia-Aguirre

    Imaging device: Nidek Mirante

    Condition/keywords: drusen, dry age-related macular degeneration (dry AMD)

  • Choroidal Rupture with Choroidal Neovascularization

    Jun 14 2021 by Shalin Shah

    15-year-old boy with history of right eye blunt trauma presented with right eye choroidal rupture with choroidal neovascularization membrane(CNVM). OCT suggestive of CNVM with sub-retinal fluid.

    Photographer: Shalin Shah, Dr Shroff's charity eye hospital, New Delhi, India

    Imaging device: ZEISS VISUCAM 500

    Condition/keywords: blunt trauma, choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM), choroidal rupture

  • Cuticular Drusen

    Jun 13 2021 by Priya Rasipuram Chandrasekaran, MBBS, DO, DNB, FRCS

    This is the fundus photo showing numerous yellow, small, hard drusen distributed throughout the retina. The corresponding OCT shows numerous elevated lesions underneath the RPE causing RPE elevations and arranged in a saw-tooth manner. Macular complications include acquired vitelliform lesion, choroidal neovascular membrane and geographic atrophy which are common after 60 years of age. It is usually associated with mutations in complement factor H. Basal laminar drusen, diffuse drusen and early adult onset grouped drusen are other alternative names. The differential diagnosis includes autosomal dominant drusen, pattern macular dystrophy, Sorsby macular drusen, mitochondrial macular dystrophy and so on.

    Condition/keywords: cuticular drusen

  • Silicone Oil in Anterior Chamber

    Jun 12 2021 by Ángel García Vásquez , MD

    56-year-old man, previously treated with vitrectomy + silicone oil for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment 3 years ago.

    Photographer: Ángel García Vásquez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Hospital de la Luz

    Imaging device: iPhone 11 Pro

    Condition/keywords: rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, silicone oil

  • Pseudoexfoliation Deposit on Intraocular Lens

    Jun 12 2021 by Anmol Naik

    A 64-year-old Indian farmer presented with complaint of diminution of vision. Observed here is the deposition of pseudoexfoliation material on the intraocular lens implant in a typical florette pattern. Glaucoma is one of the known and vision threatening complications in such patients.

    Photographer: Dr. Anmol Naik, MS, Nakshatra Superspeciality Eye Hospital, Pune, India.

    Imaging device: Appasamy Slit Lamp Imaging system - 11 3S L, Appasamy Associates, Chennai, India.

    Condition/keywords: pseudoexfoliation syndrome

  • Sub-ILM Hemorrhage (Dehemoglobinized + Red) - Valsalva Retinopathy

    Jun 12 2021 by RUSHIK PATEL

    Fundus Image of 21-year-old boy with sub-ILM hemorrhage (dehemoglobinized + red ) following valsalva maneuver 10 days back.

    Photographer: Rushik Patel, Netralaya Super Speciality Eye Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

    Imaging device: Optos

    Condition/keywords: sub-inner limiting membrane hemorrhage, valsalva retinopathy

  • Optic Disc Pit with Coloboma (Hybrid Anomaly)

    Jun 10 2021 by Janani Sreenivasan

    Optic disc pit is a rare anomaly of the optic nerve head that can be associated with maculopathy leading to progressive visual deterioration. It belongs to the spectrum of congenital cavitary anomalies of the optic disc which encompasses extrapapillary cavitation, optic disc coloboma, and morning glory. Very rarely, optic disc pits are seen in combination with optic disc colobomas. Histopathologically, disc pit is defined as herniation of dysplastic retinal tissue into an excavation, rich in collagen, which can stretch into the subarachnoid space via a defect in the lamina cribrosa. Interestingly, this structural abnormality leading to a non-physiological communication between the intraocular and extraocular spaces is a common feature among all the congenital cavitary disc anomalies. Optic disc pit maculopathy is characterized by intraretinal and subretinal fluid at the area of macula. The origin of the retinal fluid remains unclear. Possible sources include the vitreous cavity, the subarachnoid space and the orbital space surrounding the dura. It has been estimated that approximately 25% to 75% of patients will develop serous detachment and/or retinoschisis of the central macula at some stage of their life. On fundus examination, ODPs typically appear as single grayish, round or oval depressions at the optic disc. Most commonly, they are detected at the inferotemporal segment of the disc, but may also be observed elsewhere, including the central area.The coexisting macular detachment can be related to lamellar or full-thickness macular holes, cystoid changes, retinal pigment epithelium atrophy and eventually to irreversible loss of vision,especially in longstanding cases. Herewith, we present a 32-years-old male patient presenting with an unusual combination of optic disc pit with maculopathy and optic disc coloboma (hybrid anomaly) in the same eye with corrected visual acuity of 3/60.

    Photographer: Dr Janani Sreenivasan

    Imaging device: Zeiss Cirrus HD-OCT

    Condition/keywords: coloboma of optic disc, hybrid anomaly, macular detachment, optic disc, optic disc pit

  • Cilioretinal Artery Sparing CRAO

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    Cilio retinal artery sparing CRAO in a 40-year-old gentleman post surgery for varicose veins.

    Photographer: Puttuswamy

    Condition/keywords: central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO)

  • Cilioretinal Artery Occlusion

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    Fundus photograph of 43-year-old women with a Y-shaped clot occluding the trunk and branches of the cilioretinal artery.

    Photographer: Puttuswamy , Narayana Nethralaya , Bangalore

    Condition/keywords: cilioretinal artery occlusion

  • Vitreous Seeds

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    Vitreous seeds in a case of retinoblastoma.

    Photographer: Puttaswamy, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore

    Imaging device: retcam

    Condition/keywords: retinoblastoma

  • Macular Retinoblastoma

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    Macular retinoblastoma.

    Photographer: Puttaswamy, Narayana Nethralaya

    Imaging device: Retcam

    Condition/keywords: tumor

  • Retinoblastoma with Exudative Retinal Detachment

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    A case of retinoblastoma with exudative retinal detachment and subretinal seeding.

    Photographer: Puttaswamy, Narayan Nethralaya, Bangalore

    Imaging device: Retcam

    Condition/keywords: exudative retinal detachment

  • Multifocal Retinoblastoma

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    Inferotemporal tumor is blanched immediately post TTT, in comparison to the nasal tumor which has not received TTT.

    Photographer: Puttaswamy, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore

    Imaging device: Retcam

    Condition/keywords: retinoblastoma, tumor

  • Multifocal Retinoblastoma

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    3-year-old kid with multifocal retinoblastoma.

    Photographer: Puttaswamy , Narayana Nethralaya , Bangalore

    Imaging device: Retcam

    Condition/keywords: retinoblastoma

  • Pupillary View of Retinoblastoma

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    Group D retinoblastoma.

    Photographer: Puttaswamy, Narayana Nethralaya

    Imaging device: Retcam Shuttle

    Condition/keywords: retinoblastoma

  • Retinoblastoma

    Jun 9 2021 by Thirumalesh Mochi Basavaraj

    Large retinoblastoma.

    Photographer: Puttaswamy ,Narayana Nethralaya

    Imaging device: Retcam shuttle

    Condition/keywords: retinoblastoma

  • Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion with Retinal Neovascularization

    Jun 9 2021 by Shelby Helton

    Ultrawide fluorescein angiography of a 83-year-old female with a branch retinal vein occlusion with retinal neovascularization affecting her right eye.

    Photographer: Shelby Helton, Retina Specialist Of Michigan

    Imaging device: Optos California

    Condition/keywords: branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO)

  • Ink Blot of CSCR

    Jun 9 2021 by Anamika Patel

    34-year-old male with right eye CSCR, FFA here shows presence of leaking site which simulates tadpole in the pond.

    Photographer: Vinod Kumar

    Condition/keywords: central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR)

  • Diabetic Retinopathy Treated with PRP Laser

    Jun 8 2021 by Ronald Coriasso

    Diabetic retina treated with complete 360 PRP laser, taken during fluorescein angiogram.

    Photographer: Ronald Coriasso

    Imaging device: OPTOS

    Condition/keywords: pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP)

  • Choroidal Osteoma

    Jun 7 2021 by Gabriel Costa de Andrade, M.D.

    Fundus photograph of an 10-year-old girl with a choroidal osteoma.

    Photographer: Dr Gabriel Andrade

    Condition/keywords: choroidal osteoma

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