File number: 45636
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By Rafael Reis Pereira, MD
Co-author(s): André Maia, Retina Clinic - Brazil
- Uploaded on Jan 7, 2020.
- Last modified by Caroline Bozell on Jan 7, 2020.
- Appears in
- macular pucker
- Rafael Reis, Retina Clinic - Brazil
- Imaging device
- Optical coherence tomography system
- A clinical grading system was proposed by Gass in 1987 describe the different stages of the epiretinal membrane. Grade 2 Macular pucker consists of a thick fibroglial membrane that contracts and produces obscuration of underlying vessels and marked full-thickness retinal distortion. Sometimes associated with cotton-wool spots, exudates, blot hemorrhages, microaneurysms, and cystoid macular edema.